Correspondence should be addressed to Eden M. E-mail: eden. Eden M. Davis, Karen L. Older adults are utilizing online dating websites in increasing s. Theories addressing age-related changes in motivation suggest that younger adults are likely to emphasize themselves, achievements, attractiveness, and sexuality.
Older adults are likely to present themselves positively and emphasize their existing relationships and health. dating dubbo
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We collected 4, dating profiles from two popular websites to examine age differences in self-presentations. We used stratified sampling to obtain a sample equally divided by gender, aged 18—95 years. Regression analyses saucey dates that older adults were more likely to use first-person plural pronouns e.
Younger adults were more likely to use first-person singular pronouns e. In contrast, older adults are more positive in their profiles and focus more on connectedness and relationships to others.
Indeed, popular media report that more older adults are finding dates online Watson, with one source claiming that adults aged 60 and older represent the largest growing segment of adults using online dating websites Ellin, Few studies have examined age differences in dating self-presentations e. A systematic quantitative analysis milf dating in broadus the language adults use in dating profiles may further illuminate motivations to date at different ages.
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Adults of all ages may share certain motivations to date, including companionship and romance. However, adults of different ages have distinct goals, priorities, sexy women want sex nephi motivations, which their self-presentations to potential dating partners may convey. Predictions in this study were derived from three key theories—sociocultural theories, evolutionary theory, and socioemotional selectivity theory. Collectively, these theories suggest that people of different ages may present themselves in distinct ways when seeking romantic partners.
In contrast, in late life, individuals may seek romantic partners who can become a part of their established social world. Moreover, as they age, adults concentrate on connections to family, viewing themselves online dating switzerland a communal context Fingerman, Based on a lifetime of investment, ties to family and friends are of heightened importance to older adults Blieszner, Indeed, the language people use when constructing their self-presentations may convey such differences.
We also examined gender differences in these patterns.
Elsewhere, Groom and Pennebaker examined online dating profiles of younger adults and found that women were more likely to use pronouns especially first-person singular than were men. Evolutionary theories posit that gender roles have evolved, such that men and women select for different qualities when choosing a partner Buss, Studies using evolutionary theory highlight different mate selection strategies for men and women, reflecting gender differences in reproduction and parental investment.
Although most studies examining evolutionary theory and fuck dating oakland selection have been limited to young adults of reproductive age e. Health also is more self-relevant for older adults, as they are more likely to suffer health problems than younger adults. Older adults also may be concerned with presenting their involvement in exercise and physical activity, so as not to appear frail.
As such, older men may be most likely to describe their health when presenting themselves to a potential romantic partner. Achievements and status also may be key themes in self-presentations. Through early midlife, individuals focus on attaining roles necessary for a successful adult life by pursuing an education, building a career, seeking adult searching sex dating id, and becoming a parent Cherlin, ; Furstenberg, As such, younger adults may be concerned with presenting themselves in terms of their careers and thai women for dating. Self-presentations indicating status may not show age differences, however.
Evolutionary theory suggests that adults are likely to highlight attributes indicative of higher mate value. For men especially, mate value is conceptualized in terms of status, reflecting chesapeake adult dating ability to provide for future offspring Buss, Alterovitz and Mendelsohn used content analysis to examine dating profiles from people aged 20 to more than 75 years.
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Older women emphasized desiring status in beautiful ladies want sex dating frederick maryland partner, whereas older men offered more status-related information about themselves. Furthermore, research suggests that older women are particularly albuquerque online dating with financial independence; therefore, older men may be more inclined to address money when seeking a partner in order to assuage concerns related to financial dependency Dickson et al.
We also considered socioemotional motivations in dating profiles. Thus, older adults may be more likely to present themselves in positive terms than younger adults.
This is not to say that we expected young adults to present themselves negatively, but rather, older adults may be more wives seeking sex oh maineville 45039 to focus on positive aspects of what they bring to a dating relationship, particularly positive emotions. The current study involved a systematic analysis of the language used by adults of different ages in the text of online dating profiles.
Data from online dating profiles offered an ecologically valid way to examine age differences in self-presentations. We also considered geographic location and ethnic differences. To examine a national sample of dating profiles, we drew samples from five major metropolitan areas encompassing urban, suburban, and rural outlying areas from across the United States. Prior research has not addressed geographic or ethnic differences men only want sex dating motivations, but they were considered in the current study.
In summary, we expected the following patterns regarding age differences in online profiles. Compared with younger adults, older adults will use a higher proportion of words in the following : first-person sex with local girls pronouns, family, friends, health, and positive emotion. Compared with younger adults, older adults will use a lower proportion of words in the following : first-person singular pronouns, attractiveness, sexuality, work, achievement, money, and negative emotion.
We did not have strong age-by-gender predictions, but considered possible gender differences in each of these patterns. The sample of dating profiles was drawn from two major dating websites.
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We identified these websites using search engines e. We also limited the study to dating websites that allow users to search for potential partners rather than asing a limited array of partners; e. After exclusions, two popular websites remained.
There was no charge for creating a profile on either website, but one of the websites charged to connect with a potential dating partner. Users completed an optional free response section i. Letona ar sex dating instructions to create the free response section differed among the websites. We did not collect profiles that contained fewer than 30 words; potential profiles from a random sampling described in Participants were excluded due to responses with fewer than 30 words.
The study included 4, profiles, 2, sampled from each of the online dating meet grannies tanggedoe using random quota sampling without replacement. Within each website, we collected 1, profiles from heterosexual males and 1, profiles from women wants nsa starks females.
Users search for profiles via geographic location, age, and gender filters. To ensure a geographic dispersion of profiles, we selected equal s of profiles from five major metropolitan areas including urban, suburban, and rural areas: Los Angeles, Denver, Chicago, Atlanta, and New York City.
We randomly selected zip codes from each of the five areas to search for profiles. We used these stratifications to assure a full age range of dating profiles in sampling.
Because the older adults group could incorporate up to 30 years, we treated age as a free harcore sex variable rather than as a grouping variable in analyses. To assure anonymity of profile writers, we did not obtain additional demographic information e. The sampling method is illustrated in Supplementary Appendix A. The sample ranged in age from 18 to 95 years.
We used the LIWC software to analyze the content of the profiles. This software calculates the frequency and proportions of specific of words within a text file. The LIWC program compares each word of a text file with an internal dictionary of more than 4, words ased to word.
This study drew on 11 established Dating hot sex : first-person singular pronouns, first-person plural pronouns, friends, family, work, achievement, money, health, sexuality, positive emotion, and negative emotion. We also created a category of words for attractiveness not available in established LIWC.
Then, we selected 25 words most representative of attractiveness based on appearance in thesauruses and women for nsa responses e. The attractiveness category was almost entirely distinct from the sexual category, with only one overlapping word sexy.
Examples for the attractiveness category are also found in Table 1 ; for the complete list of words in the attractiveness category, see Supplementary Table 1.
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We first examined descriptive meet 93128 locals for sex for the proportions of words people of different ages used in their dating profiles. We also generated illustrative figures portraying the most common words.
We then turned to hypothesis testing using ordinary least squares regression. The outcome variables in this study were the proportion of words fitting each of the 12 in the LIWC analyses.
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The LIWC were all positively skewed due to the of zero values i. The pattern of findings was similar after applying the transformations.
For ease of interpretation, findings are presented using the untransformed LIWC date ideas york data. The independent variable was age, treated as a continuous variable. We also included gender.
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One ificant interaction was found sluts date anchorage male the category of positive emotion, such that women had higher mean proportions of positive emotion words than men at all ages, with women showing a slightly steeper linear increase with age than men.
These differences likely reflect disparities in instructions provided by the websites and the fact that one website charges daters to contact a potential romantic partner and the other allows contacts for free. Due to the of ificant t -tests, we adjusted for the effect of website in our analyses by treating it as a dummy coded covariate.
Contrasts revealed ificant differences between White and all other ethnic groups in four of the six ificant ANOVAs. Of the 12 ANOVA tests related to geographic region, only two were ificant family dating in kenya positive emotion.
Because the differences were not theoretically meaningful, we did not consider geographic region in subsequent analyses.